Diet for hemodialysi

Diet for hemodialysi

Hemodialysis and a proper diet contribute to reducing the waste that accumulates in the blood. In all dialysis centers there is a dietitian available to help you plan your meals according to your doctor’s instructions. When choosing foods remember

  • consume balanced amounts of high protein foods such as meat, chicken and fish.
  • Control the amount of potassium you eat. Potassium is a mineral found in: salt substitutes; some fruits such as bananas and oranges; the vegetables; the chocolate; and the nuts. Consuming too much potassium can be dangerous for the heart.
  • limit the amount of liquids you drink. When the kidneys are not working, water quickly accumulates in the body. Excess fluid causes your tissues to swell and can cause high blood pressure, heart problems, cramping, and low blood pressure during dialysis.
  • avoid salt. Salty foods thirst and make the body retain water.
  • limit the consumption of foods such as milk, cheese, nuts, dried beans and sodas / dark sodas. These foods contain large amounts of mineral phosphorus. Having too much phosphorus in the blood takes calcium from the bones, which weakens them, makes them fragile and can cause arthritis. To prevent bone problems, your doctor may give you special medications, which you should take with meals every day according to the instructions.
  • For more information on choosing the right foods, see the NIDDK booklet, Eat Well to Feel Good During Hemodialysis Treatment.

Advantages and disadvantages
All people respond differently to similar situations. What can be a negative factor for some could be positive for others. Consult the following list on the general advantages and disadvantages of hemodialysis performed at a center and at home.


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