A person with kidney disease has to make important changes in their daily diet. There are very specific things that should be modified in a kidney disease diet.
For example,you must decrease the consumption of liquids, reduce the consume of proteins, salt, potassium, phosphorus and in case you are losing weight you should eat more calories.
The best diet for kidney disease is one that has the purpose of achieving a balance of electrolytes which are the liquids in the body.
Especially if it’s already in a dialysis treatment, the diet is necessary because it’s intention is to reduce the accumulatión of fluids in the body.
The electrolytes control is required because people with this type of treatment do not urinate much, and if they are not eliminating urine, they are not discarding toxins, then two things happen, one of them is liquid accomulation in the body and second is accomulation of toxins in blood.
Who to contact to request a kidney disease diet?
Although a general doctor normally refers you to a nutritionist, if that isn’t your case be shure to ask for one.
There are specialists in kidney disease diets, and it is precisely them who will provide the necessary tools to be nourished properly.
There are a great variety of sites where you can find help programs for patients with kidney disease, the caloric intake must be high in order to maintain healthy and avoid decomposition of body.
Let’s see how it should be shaped your kidney disease diet with the purpose to be nourished and in good health.
Carbohydrates provide energy to the body, if you have limited protein in your diet, you can make use of calories that are in:
- Fruits, Vegetables, Bread, Grains
- Honey, Jelly, Sugar, in this case is posible eat delicious desserts, a good example, would be cakes and cookies.
You should eat polyunsaturated and monounsaturated, which protect the heart.
Diets that are low in protein are very useful even before taking a dialysis treatment, the nutritionist is in charge of making a personalized diet and low protein diet where he takes in consideration the weight of it’s patient, the stage of the disease in the one that is, muscular capacity, among other things.
Now, when dialysis begins, you should try to consume more protein, such as fish, poultry, pork and eggs.
Minerals such as calcium and phosphorus should be controlled from signs of kidney disease, because phosphorus can be at higher levels than normal and this causes:
- Low calcium levels
It will be necessary to limit the intake of dairy foods, because of the higher content of phosphorus, however, there are foods that do not contain phosphorus in high quantities such as:
- Cream cheese
- Ricotta cheese
Probably your nutritionist will recommend you to take some supplements such as vitamin D and calcium to control the minerals (phosphorus and calcium) in your body.
5.- Liquids control
Initially, you do not need to reduce fluids, but as the disease progresses, it would be necessary to do it.
Body fluids should be in control, because if not, it is expected an accumulation of them in the body and it can lead to suffer difficult breathing, wich requires immediate attention.
Have a control over the liquids you drink, you can avoid thirst, by doing this examples:
- Do not eat so much salt
- Refresh only on days that are very hot, always with the care of not drinking too much.
The decrease in sodium will allow better control over blood pressure, and prevent fluid retention.
In this case, even salt substitutes are not recommended.
Potassium is an element that maintains regular heartbeats, but when too much is consumed this element may accumulate in the kidneys and begin to malfunction.
Fruits and vegetables have to be controlled because there is where the greatest amount of potassium is present.
The fruits that we recommend eating are:
The vegetables we recommend eating are:
Iron will be neccesary for this type of patients since they usually develop anemia, the consumption of food rich in iron will help compensate.
We recommend consumption of:
- Pork meat
Of course always under medical supervision.
The informatión that we have offered is only a guide, you must understand that each case and organism is unique, the needs of each individual are different.
The importance in following a diet is because everything we eat directly affects our healt and weight. Eating balanced, helps to avoid presenting chronic problems that in the long run can trigger really severe healt problems.
The diet for kidney disease, will help the kidneys not be damaged even more that the same disease harms them.
As mentioned before, it is important to get advices from a nutritionist, wich will be based on certain specifications to custumize the diet to each patient with kidney disease regardless of their status.
Normally the funtion of the kidneys is normallized and the instructions on what can or can not eat are very precise, what is tried is to prevent the accumulation of toxins instead of their elimination by the kidneys.