What Is Kidney Disease?

What-Is-Kidney-DiseaseThis kidney disease is commonly known as nephropathy and it’s evolution is completely variable. Sometimes the kidneys are affected suddenly and in others the condition is slow.

There are also occasions where there is no longer cure, then the damage follows its course while that on other occasions you can retrieve a part or all the function of the kidneys.

In any case, if kidney disease is unstoppable, or have you been injured significantly, the part that continue to operate will diminishing little by little until its cleanup work is insufficient.

Kidney failure is a State that is characterized by progressive and significant decrease of function that performed the kidney.

To find out if there is renal damage, you should check some markers that help point out if there is a problem at that level, one of the most important in determining if there is renal damage is the excretion of albumin or protein at high levels in the urine.

There are stages that can go valuing the level at which the disease is found. For example, the stages 3-5 is known as chronic renal failure, whereas stages 4-5 are advanced chronic kidney disease.

Then it is clear that in stage 3 kidney failure is chronic renal failure. The therapeutic goal is intended to diminish and to treat complications that are associated with kidney failure, to prepare properly and timely replacement therapy like dialysis either a transplant.

Consequences of kidney failure

Because of the reduction in the function of the kidneys, toxins accumulate because they cannot be removed, such situations can be discovered by some symptoms the patient or by the observation of abnormal values in the analysis, it is also very common not to realize that you have a kidney disease.

It is necessary that we know that this disease may well not present any kind of discomfort even when a large part of kidney function has been lost. However, it is important to continue in medical consultations to try to stop the disease process.

Renal failure occurs when the kidneys are not functioning properly, and are not capable of produce urine and if they produce it, it almost is like water, they do not eliminate toxic substances from our body.

As a result we have that there is discomfort in the body, and is it really dangerous to life if it is not quickly resolved with treatment.

How many types of kidney disease exist?

There are two types of kidney failure and they have unique features that can help us to designate which type of failure we have.

  1. Acute Renal Failure: In this type of disease the kidneys stop working abruptly, and it is usually due to accidents or severe poisoning, the good news is that it can be cured permanently.
  2. Chronic Renal Failure: It is when the kidneys stop working little by little, normally because of another disease and unfortunately it has no cure, if this disease evolves into permanent or terminal renal failure as it is known also, a replacement therapy is needed.

Note: The term, “terminal”, should not apply to the patient, what it means is that the kidney is functioning poorly and dialysis is necessary.

Prognosis for person with kidney disease

There are a large number of people who are not diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD) until they lose much of the renal function. For this disease there is no cure, if it becomes worse will be called end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

The rapidness which the disease can progress will basically depend on two factors: the cause of kidney damage and the treatment that the patient has.

The last stage of chronic kidney disease is renal failure, when the kidneys are unable to perform their functions.


When you reach 15% of the total function of the kidneys, it is possible that it required a dialysis treatment, even when you are waiting for a kidney transplant can be treated with dialysis while waiting.

Complications of Renal Failure

The most common complications of kidney failure include:

–     Pleural effusion

–     Anemia

–     Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract high and low

–     Neuropathies

–     Dementia

–     Malnutrition

–     Liver damage

–     Cardiovascular problems

–     Edema

–     Weakness

To prevent kidney disease, you have to treat the condition that is causing it, for example, suppose that a person has diabetes and is beginning to have a kidney problem, to improve this situation it is necessary to properly control your diabetes.

The same goes for someone who has blood pressure high, should be treated with a doctor and do the best to keep it stable, that way in renal damage will not be progressive.

The kidney problems are preventable if we put attention to what our body tells us, by certain signs and symptoms, we must be more observers of our body in order to determine if we require medical attention or not.

A balanced diet, exercise, and of course having mental health, can make certain types of diseases such as renal disease never gets presented in our body.

When a person is diagnosed with chronic kidney disease, should also understand that there will be changes in life, dietary changes, changes in physical activity and should try to make them as accurate as possible to the directions of your doctor.

Something important is to modify the diet normal to diet for kidney disease, we also suggest you to stop bad habits like smoking, alcohol, reduce as far as possible the consume of salt, or any medicines that are not controlled by your doctor, or they can cause you kidney damage.

We will talk more later in another article about the best diet for facing with kidney disease.


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